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Shanghai International Circuit layout & records

Shanghai Circuit Details Details
Location: Shanghai, China
Race: Chinese Grand Prix
Used Since: 2004
Type: Closed Cricuit
 Lap Dist.: 5.451 km

Lap Record

Lap Record: 1:32,238 min
Date: 26 September 2004
F1 Driver: Michael Schumacher
F1 Car: Ferrari F2004
Speed: 211,750 km/h

Pole Record

Record Pole: 1:34,012 min
Date: 25 September 2004
F1 Driver: Rubens Barrichello
F1 Car: Ferrari F2004
Speed: 208,735 km/h
Onboard Lap F1 Video
Shanghai International Circuit layout & recordsShanghai International Circuit layout & recordsShanghai International Circuit layout & recordsShanghai Circuit, Shanghai
Shanghai International Circuit Layout
Shanghai International Circuit layout & recordsShanghai International Circuit layout & records

Shanghai Circuit: three sections in detail

Shanghai International Circuit layout & records

Exit of turn 3 (Shanghai Circuit)

Turns 1 – 4
The slowest complex on the track is the radial turn from T1 through to T4 where the track tightens on itself and the driver progressively loses speed. Engine braking support and drive ability needs to be consistent here to give a stable rear end and avoid excessive wheel-spin, which costs both lap time and increases tyre wear. To reduce locking and improve the wear rate, engineers will map the engine to reduce engine braking when the driver lifts his foot off the pedal. This squares up the rear of the car, stops it from locking and reduces the tyre wear as a result. This phenomenon of reducing engine braking when the driver is off the throttle is called ‘overrun’.

Turns 12 and 13
Turns 12 and 13, which form the radial corner that leads onto the long straight, are the mirror image of the first complex. Again, creating car stability will decrease lap time, particularly when the tyres are worn or wearing down. Another means of creating stability is to change the pedal maps, ie. the percentage of torque delivered in relation to the percentage of pedal application. While the throttle application needs to correspond roughly to the torque delivered, small variations can make a real difference in the stability of the car. In this complex a soft pedal map – where the engine delivers relatively less torque at a low pedal position – is likely to be used so the driver initially has more modulation to avoid wheelspin, which wears the tyres unnecessarily.

Shanghai International Circuit layout & records

Back straight Shanghai Circuit (2012)

Back Straight
The straight between turns 13 and 14 is a touch over 1,300km and the engines will sit at full throttle for between 17 and 18 seconds – longer than it takes for a small airplane to take off! Given this period of time, which equates to about 20% of the lap time, it is essential to calibrate the engine and gear ratios to maximise acceleration without compromising maximum speed. Short ratios favour acceleration, which means getting up to speed in a shorter distance over the first part of the straight, while a longer top gear ratio permits higher maximum speed, which is important on the second part of the straight.

Previous F1 GP Winners on Shanghai International Circuit
Year Race Date Driver Team Laps
2014 2014 Chinese F1 GP result 20 April 1 Shanghai International Circuit layout & records Lewis Hamilton
2 Shanghai International Circuit layout & records Nico Rosberg
3 Shanghai International Circuit layout & records Fernando Alonso
Shanghai International Circuit layout & records Mercedes
Shanghai International Circuit layout & records Mercedes
Shanghai International Circuit layout & records Ferrari
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2013 2013 Chinese F1 GP result 14 April 1 Shanghai International Circuit layout & records Fernando Alonso
2 Shanghai International Circuit layout & records Kimi Räikkönen
3 Shanghai International Circuit layout & records Lewis Hamilton
Shanghai International Circuit layout & records Ferrari
Shanghai International Circuit layout & records Lotus F1
Shanghai International Circuit layout & records Mercedes
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2012 2012 Chinese Grand Prix result 15 April 1 Shanghai International Circuit layout & records Nico Rosberg
2 Shanghai International Circuit layout & records Jenson Button
3 Shanghai International Circuit layout & records Lewis Hamilton
Shanghai International Circuit layout & records Mercedes
Shanghai International Circuit layout & records McLaren
Shanghai International Circuit layout & records McLaren
56
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2011 2011 Chinese Grand Prix result 17 April 1 Shanghai International Circuit layout & records Lewis Hamilton
2 Shanghai International Circuit layout & records Sebastian Vettel
3 Shanghai International Circuit layout & records Mark Webber
Shanghai International Circuit layout & records McLaren
Shanghai International Circuit layout & records Red Bull
Shanghai International Circuit layout & records Red Bull
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2010 2010 Chinese Grand Prix result 18 April 1 Shanghai International Circuit layout & records Jenson Button
2 Shanghai International Circuit layout & records Lewis Hamilton
3 Shanghai International Circuit layout & records Nico Rosberg
Shanghai International Circuit layout & records McLaren
Shanghai International Circuit layout & records McLaren
Shanghai International Circuit layout & records Mercedes
56
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2009 2009 Chinese Grand Prix result 19 April 1 Shanghai International Circuit layout & records Sebastian Vettel
2 Shanghai International Circuit layout & records Mark Webber
3 Shanghai International Circuit layout & records Jenson Button
Shanghai International Circuit layout & records Red Bull
Shanghai International Circuit layout & records Red Bull
Shanghai International Circuit layout & records Brawn
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2008 2008 Chinese Grand Prix result 19 October 1 Shanghai International Circuit layout & records Lewis Hamilton
2 Shanghai International Circuit layout & records Felipe Massa
3 Shanghai International Circuit layout & records Kimi Räikkönen
Shanghai International Circuit layout & records McLaren
Shanghai International Circuit layout & records Ferrari
Shanghai International Circuit layout & records Ferrari
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2007 2007 Chinese Grand Prix result 7 October 1 Shanghai International Circuit layout & records Kimi Räikkönen
2 Shanghai International Circuit layout & records Fernando Alonso
3 Shanghai International Circuit layout & records Felipe Massa
Shanghai International Circuit layout & records Ferrari
Shanghai International Circuit layout & records McLaren
Shanghai International Circuit layout & records Ferrari
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2006 2006 Chinese Grand Prix result 1 October 1 Shanghai International Circuit layout & records Michael Schumacher
2 Shanghai International Circuit layout & records Fernando Alonso
3 Shanghai International Circuit layout & records Giancarlo Fisichella
Shanghai International Circuit layout & records Ferrari
Shanghai International Circuit layout & records Renault
Shanghai International Circuit layout & records Renault
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2005 2005 Chinese Grand Prix result 16 October 1 Shanghai International Circuit layout & records Fernando Alonso
2 Shanghai International Circuit layout & records Kimi Räikkönen
3 Shanghai International Circuit layout & records Ralf Schumacher
Shanghai International Circuit layout & records Renault
Shanghai International Circuit layout & records McLaren
Shanghai International Circuit layout & records Toyota
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2004 2004 Chinese Grand Prix result 26 September 1 Shanghai International Circuit layout & records Rubens Barrichello
2 Shanghai International Circuit layout & records Jenson Button
3 Shanghai International Circuit layout & records Kimi Räikkönen
Shanghai International Circuit layout & records Ferrari
Shanghai International Circuit layout & records BAR
Shanghai International Circuit layout & records McLaren
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Chinese Grand Prix