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Monaco Circuit layout & records

Monaco Circuit Details
Location: Monaco, Monte Carlo
Race: Monaco Grand Prix
Used Since: 1950
Type: Street Circuit
 Lap Dist.: 3.340 km

Lap Record

Lap Record: 1:14.439 min
Date: 23 May 2004
F1 Driver: Michael Schumacher
F1 Car: Ferrari F2004
Speed: 161.528 km/h

Pole Record

Record Pole: 1:13.876 min
Date: 25 May 2013
F1 Driver: Nico Rosberg
F1 Car: Mercedes W04
Speed: 162.759 km/h
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Monaco Circuit Layout
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Biography

Modern Formula 1 travels around the globe, reaches new venues, new crowds and new cultures. From Malaysia to Russia, and Korea to Austin, it explores new territories every year.

But for a few months of the season it comes home, back to Europe. It goes to Britain, Germany, Belgium and Italy through the summer. All have their place in history, all have their unique standing in the sport.

However, it’s the race at the end of May which really captures the essence of Formula 1. With its sun, sea, rich, beautiful people, glitz and glamour, Monaco is the spiritual home of F1.

Like Le Mans and Indianapolis, it transcends the sport it belongs to. When the Monaco Grand Prix is on, everyone watches.

The streets of Monte-Carlo have hosted a grand prix since 1929, when William Grover-Williams won in a Bugatti. Since then, only the greats have truly mastered those streets.

Ayrton Senna has won six times, while Michael Schumacher and Graham Hill have triumphed five times each.

The circuit is largely unchanged since Grover-Williams won. Sainte Devote remains one of the most difficult first corners around, the hairpin is the slowest on the calendar and the swimming pool section is still littered with expensive yachts.

But it takes balls, more than anything, to master Monaco. The produce the perfect lap, the driver must be daring. He must place his car as close to the walls as possible, and even bounce off them from time to time.

Qualifying is, arguably, the most important part of the weekend. It is very rare that the man on pole doesn’t win the race and Saturday’s session is vital to the outcome.

The track is made up entirely of public roads, and is famed for its lack of overtaking. True, the racing is rarely mesmerising these days, but Monaco is about so much more than the action on track.

It has become home to many of the current drivers, such as Lewis Hamilton, Felipe Massa and Jenson Button, while Nico Rosberg even grew up there. This adds to the unequalled charm of the principality.

Monaco Circuit: three corners in detail

Sainte Devote to Casino Square

Monaco main straight and Saint Devote

main straight & Saint Devote

The distance from pole position to Sainte Devote is just 140m – the shortest run to the first corner we see all season and the pole sitter will reach it in a touch over four seconds. From pole there is not enough time for KERS to be activated, but cars starting further behind may choose to use it. After braking down to 105kph for Sainte Devote, drivers get quickly back on the power for the climb up through Beau Rivage to Casino Square. The Monaco circuit gains over 30m in altitude in 10secs so engine maps will be designed to work with short gear ratios to maximise acceleration and hit the rev limit at the top of the hill. There is a possibility to use KERS on this climb, but the steep gradient will reduce its effectiveness. In fact, overtaking here comes down to who can get the best acceleration out of Sainte Devote so particular care is paid to pedal and torque maps in this corner.

Grand Hotel Hairpin

Grand Hotel hairpin Monaco

Grand Hotel hairpin Monaco

From the Mirabeau the circuit suddenly descends in altitude down to the Grand Hotel Hairpin. The drop and almost 180° turn make it the tightest corner of the season. When the cars round the hairpin the engine is running at the lowest speed and revs it reaches on track at any point in the year; just 44kph and around 7,000rpm.

The driver’s pedal and torque maps must be completely on point and the driver may even declutch to avoid too much push from the engine, which could result in a surge and cause a collision with a car in front or the wall. Large chunks of time can be won or lost by correct mapping here.

Tunnel section to chicane

Michael Schumacher drives into Monaco tunnel

Michael Schumacher drives into Monaco tunnel

The tunnel section is the only chance the cars get to hit top speed apart from the short pit straight. The engine needs to have good acceleration here so the driver can reach top speed (‘vMax’) quickly as the straight is only 670m from the exit of Portiers to the chicane, or around eight or nine seconds. The cars reach 290kph just before the braking point for the chicane so in theory KERS could be used, but principally only for defending rather than for overtaking as going off line is very dirty. This chance for the engine to ‘breathe’ is important as there are very few opportunities for the engine to intake fresh air. It is however somewhat of a poisoned chalice – the enclosed nature of the tunnel means the air going into the engine through the airbox is extremely hot. The air is also full of dust and rubber chunks that cannot be blown away due to the roof and walls of the tunnel building.

Previous Monaco circuit F1 GP winners
Year Race Date Driver Team Laps
2015 2015 2015 Monaco F1 GP result 24 May 1 Germany Nico Rosberg
2 Germany Sebastian Vettel
3 United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton
Germany Mercedes
Italy Ferrari
Germany Mercedes
78
78
78
2014 2014 Monaco F1 GP result 25 May 1 Germany Nico Rosberg
2 United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton
3 Australia Daniel Ricciardo
Germany Mercedes
Germany Mercedes
Austria Red Bull
78
78
78
2013 2013 Monaco F1 GP result 26 May 1 Germany Nico Rosberg
2 Germany Sebastian Vettel
3 Australia Mark Webber
Germany Mercedes
Austria Red Bull
Austria Red Bull
78
78
78
2012 2012 Monaco Grand Prix result 27 May 1 Australia Mark Webber
2 Germany Nico Rosberg
3 Spain Fernando Alonso
Austria Red Bull
Germany Mercedes
Italy Ferrari
78
78
78
2011 2011 Monaco Grand Prix result 29 May 1 Germany Sebastian Vettel
2 Spain Fernando Alonso
3 United Kingdom Jenson Button
Austria Red Bull
Italy Ferrari
United Kingdom McLaren
78
78
78
2010 2010 Monaco Grand Prix result 16 May 1 Australia Mark Webber
2 Germany Sebastian Vettel
3 Poland Robert Kubica
Austria Red Bull
Austria Red Bull
France Renault
78
78
78
2009 2009 Monaco Grand Prix result 24 May 1 United Kingdom Jenson Button
2 Brazil Rubens Barrichello
3 Finland Kimi Räikkönen
United Kingdom Brawn
United Kingdom Brawn
Italy Ferrari
78
78
78
2008 2008 Monaco Grand Prix result 25 May 1 United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton
2 Poland Robert Kubica
3 Brazil Felipe Massa
United Kingdom McLaren
Switzerland BMW Sauber
Italy Ferrari
76
76
76
2007 2007 Monaco Grand Prix result 27 May 1 Spain Fernando Alonso
2 United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton
3 Brazil Felipe Massa
United Kingdom McLaren
United Kingdom McLaren
Italy Ferrari
78
78
78
2006 2006 Monaco Grand Prix result 28 May 1 Spain Fernando Alonso
2 Colombia Juan Pablo Montoya
3 United Kingdom David Coulthard
France Renault
United Kingdom McLaren
Austria Red Bull
78
78
78
2005 2005 Monaco Grand Prix result 22 May 1 Finland Kimi Räikkönen
2 Germany Nick Heidfeld
3 Australia Mark Webber
United Kingdom McLaren
United Kingdom Williams
United Kingdom Williams
78
78
78
2004 2004 Monaco Grand Prix result 23 May 1 Italy Jarno Trulli
2 United Kingdom Jenson Button
3 Brazil Rubens Barrichello
France Renault
United Kingdom BAR
Italy Ferrari
77
77
77
2003 2003 Monaco Grand Prix result 1 June 1 Colombia Juan Pablo Montoya
2 Finland Kimi Räikkönen
3 Germany Michael Schumacher
United Kingdom Williams
United Kingdom McLaren
Italy Ferrari
78
78
78
2002 2002 Monaco Grand Prix result 26 May 1 United Kingdom David Coulthard
2 Germany Michael Schumacher
3 Germany Ralf Schumacher
United Kingdom McLaren
Italy Ferrari
United Kingdom Williams
78
78
78
2001 2001 Monaco Grand Prix result 27 May 1 Germany Michael Schumacher
2 Brazil Rubens Barrichello
3 United Kingdom Eddie Irvine
Italy Ferrari
Italy Ferrari
United Kingdom Jaguar
78
78
78
2000 2000 Monaco Grand Prix result 4 June 1 United Kingdom David Coulthard
2 Brazil Rubens Barrichello
3 Italy Giancarlo Fisichella
United Kingdom McLaren
Italy Ferrari
Italy Benetton
78
78
78
1999 1999 Monaco Grand Prix result 16 May 1 Germany Michael Schumacher
2 United Kingdom Eddie Irvine
3 Finland Mika Häkkinen
Italy Ferrari
Italy Ferrari
United Kingdom McLaren
78
78
78
1998 1998 Monaco Grand Prix result May 24 1 Finland Mika Häkkinen
2 Italy Giancarlo Fisichella
3 United Kingdom Eddie Irvine
United Kingdom McLaren
Italy Benetton
Italy Ferrari
78
78
78
1997 1997 Monaco Grand Prix result 11 May 1 Germany Michael Schumacher
2 Brazil Rubens Barrichello
3 United Kingdom Eddie Irvine
Italy Ferrari
United Kingdom Stewart
Italy Ferrari
62
62
62
1996 1996 Monaco Grand Prix result 19 May 1 France Olivier Panis
2 United Kingdom David Coulthard
3 United Kingdom Johnny Herbert
France Ligier
United Kingdom McLaren
Switzerland Sauber
75
75
75
1995 1995 Monaco Grand Prix result 28 May 1 Germany Michael Schumacher
2 United Kingdom Damon Hill
3 Austria Gerhard Berger
Italy Benetton
United Kingdom Williams
Italy Ferrari
78
78
78
1994 1994 Monaco Grand Prix result 15 May 1 Germany Michael Schumacher
2 United Kingdom Martin Brundle
3 Austria Gerhard Berger
Italy Benetton
United Kingdom McLaren
Italy Ferrari
78
78
78
1993 1993 Monaco Grand Prix result 23 May 1 Brazil Ayrton Senna
2 United Kingdom Damon Hill
3 France Jean Alesi
United Kingdom McLaren
United Kingdom Williams
Italy Ferrari
78
78
78
1992 1992 Monaco Grand Prix result May 31 1 Brazil Ayrton Senna
2 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell
3 Italy Riccardo Patrese
United Kingdom McLaren
United Kingdom Williams
United Kingdom Williams
78
78
78
1991 1991 Monaco Grand Prix result May 12 1 Brazil Ayrton Senna
2 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell
3 France Jean Alesi
United Kingdom McLaren
United Kingdom Williams
Italy Ferrari
78
78
78
1990 1990 Monaco Grand Prix result May 27 1 Brazil Ayrton Senna
2 France Jean Alesi
3 Austria Gerhard Berger
United Kingdom McLaren
United Kingdom Tyrrell
United Kingdom McLaren
78
78
78
1989 1989 Monaco Grand Prix result May 7 1 Brazil Ayrton Senna
2 France Alain Prost
3 Italy Stefano Modena
United Kingdom McLaren
United Kingdom McLaren
United Kingdom Brabham
77
77
76
1988 1988 Monaco Grand Prix result May 15 1 France Alain Prost
2 Austria Gerhard Berger
3 Italy Michele Alboreto
United Kingdom McLaren
Italy Ferrari
Italy Ferrari
78
78
78
1987 1987 Monaco Grand Prix result May 31 1 Brazil Ayrton Senna
2 Brazil Nelson Piquet
3 Italy Michele Alboreto
United Kingdom Lotus
United Kingdom Williams
Italy Ferrari
78
78
78
1986 1986 Monaco Grand Prix result May 11 1 France Alain Prost
2 Finland Keke Rosberg
3 Brazil Ayrton Senna
United Kingdom McLaren
United Kingdom McLaren
United Kingdom Lotus
78
78
78
1985 1985 Monaco Grand Prix result May 19 1 France Alain Prost
2 Italy Michele Alboreto
3 Italy Elio de Angelis
United Kingdom McLaren
Italy Ferrari
United Kingdom Lotus
78
78
78
1984 1984 Monaco Grand Prix result June 3 1 France Alain Prost
2 Brazil Ayrton Senna
3 France René Arnoux
United Kingdom McLaren
United Kingdom Toleman
Italy Ferrari
31
31
31
1983 1983 Monaco Grand Prix result May 15 1 Finland Keke Rosberg
2 Brazil Nelson Piquet
3 France Alain Prost
United Kingdom Williams
United Kingdom Brabham
France Renault
76
76
76
1982 1982 Monaco Grand Prix result May 23 1 Italy Riccardo Patrese
2 France Didier Pironi
3 Italy Andrea de Cesaris
United Kingdom Brabham
Italy Ferrari
Italy Alfa Romeo
76
75
75
1981 1981 Monaco Grand Prix result May 31 1 Canada Gilles Villeneuve
2 Australia Alan Jones
3 France Jacques Laffite
Italy Ferrari
United Kingdom Williams
France Ligier
76
76
76
1980 1980 Monaco Grand Prix result May 18 1 Argentina Carlos Reutemann
2 France Jacques Laffite
3 Brazil Nelson Piquet
United Kingdom Williams
France Ligier
United Kingdom Brabham
76
76
76
1979 1979 Monaco Grand Prix result May 27 1 South Africa Jody Scheckter
2 Switzerland Clay Regazzoni
3 Argentina Carlos Reutemann
Italy Ferrari
United Kingdom Williams
United Kingdom Lotus
76
76
76
1978 1978 Monaco Grand Prix result May 7 1 France Patrick Depailler
2 Austria Niki Lauda
3 South Africa Jody Scheckter
United Kingdom Tyrrell
United Kingdom Brabham
United Kingdom Wolf
75
75
75
1977 1977 Monaco Grand Prix result May 22 1 South Africa Jody Scheckter
2 Austria Niki Lauda
3 Argentina Carlos Reutemann
United Kingdom Wolf
Italy Ferrari
Italy Ferrari
76
76
76
1976 1976 Monaco Grand Prix result May 30 1 Austria Niki Lauda
2 South Africa Jody Scheckter
3 France Patrick Depailler
Italy Ferrari
United Kingdom Tyrrell
United Kingdom Tyrrell
78
78
78
1975 1975 Monaco Grand Prix result May 11 1 Austria Niki Lauda
2 Brazil Emerson Fittipaldi
3 Brazil Carlos Pace
Italy Ferrari
United Kingdom McLaren
United Kingdom Brabham
75
75
75
1974 1974 Monaco Grand Prix result May 26 1 Sweden Ronnie Peterson
2 South Africa Jody Scheckter
3 France Jean-Pierre Jarier
United Kingdom Lotus
United Kingdom Tyrrell
United Kingdom Shadow
78
78
78
1973 1973 Monaco Grand Prix result June 3 1 United Kingdom Jackie Stewart
2 Brazil Emerson Fittipaldi
3 Sweden Ronnie Peterson
United Kingdom Tyrrell
United Kingdom Lotus
United Kingdom Lotus
78
78
77
1972 1972 Monaco Grand Prix result May 14 1 France Jean-Pierre Beltoise
2 Belgium Jacky Ickx
3 Brazil Emerson Fittipaldi
United Kingdom BRM
Italy Ferrari
United Kingdom Lotus
80
80
79
1971 1971 Monaco Grand Prix result May 23 1 United Kingdom Jackie Stewart
2 Sweden Ronnie Peterson
3 Belgium Jacky Ickx
United Kingdom Tyrrell
United Kingdom March
Italy Ferrari
80
80
80
1970 1970 Monaco Grand Prix result May 10 1 Austria Jochen Rindt
2 Australia Jack Brabham
3 France Henri Pescarolo
United Kingdom Lotus
United Kingdom Brabham
France Matra
80
80
80
1969 1969 Monaco Grand Prix result May 18 1 United Kingdom Graham Hill
2 United Kingdom Piers Courage
3 Switzerland Jo Siffert
United Kingdom Lotus
United Kingdom Brabham
United Kingdom Lotus
80
80
80
1968 1968 Monaco Grand Prix result May 26 1 United Kingdom Graham Hill
2 United Kingdom Richard Attwood
3 Belgium Lucien Bianchi
United Kingdom Lotus
United Kingdom BRM
United Kingdom Cooper-Climax
80
80
76
1967 1967 Monaco Grand Prix result May 7 1 New Zealand Denny Hulme
2 United Kingdom Graham Hill
3 New Zealand Chris Amon
United Kingdom Brabham
United Kingdom Lotus
Italy Ferrari
100
99
98
1966 1966 Monaco Grand Prix result May 22 1 United Kingdom Jackie Stewart
2 Italy Lorenzo Bandini
3 United Kingdom Graham Hill
United Kingdom BRM
Italy Ferrari
United Kingdom BRM
100
100
99
1965 1965 Monaco Grand Prix result May 30 1 United Kingdom Graham Hill
2 Italy Lorenzo Bandini
3 United Kingdom Jackie Stewart
United Kingdom BRM
Italy Ferrari
United Kingdom BRM
100
100
100
1964 1964 Monaco Grand Prix result May 10 1 United Kingdom Graham Hill
2 United States Richie Ginther
3 United Kingdom Peter Arundell
United Kingdom BRM
United Kingdom BRM
United Kingdom Lotus
100
99
97
1963 1963 Monaco Grand Prix result May 26 1 United Kingdom Graham Hill
2 United States Richie Ginther
3 New Zealand Bruce McLaren
United Kingdom BRM
United Kingdom BRM
United Kingdom Cooper-Climax
100
100
100
1962 1962 Monaco Grand Prix result June 3 1 New Zealand Bruce McLaren
2 United States Phil Hill
3 Italy Lorenzo Bandini
United Kingdom Cooper-Climax
Italy Ferrari
Italy Ferrari
100
100
100
1961 1961 Monaco Grand Prix result May 14 1 United Kingdom Stirling Moss
2 United States Richie Ginther
3 United States Phil Hill
United Kingdom Lotus
Italy Ferrari
Italy Ferrari
100
100
100
1960 1960 Monaco Grand Prix result May 29 1 United Kingdom Stirling Moss
2 New Zealand Bruce McLaren
3 United States Phil Hill
United Kingdom Lotus
United Kingdom Cooper-Climax
Italy Ferrari
100
100
100
1959 1959 Monaco Grand Prix result May 10 1 Australia Jack Brabham
2 United Kingdom Tony Brooks
3 France Maurice Trintignant
United Kingdom Cooper-Climax
Italy Ferrari
United Kingdom Cooper-Climax
100
100
98
1958 1958 Monaco Grand Prix result May 18 1 France Maurice Trintignant
2 Italy Luigi Musso
3 United Kingdom Peter Collins
United Kingdom Cooper-Climax
Italy Ferrari
Italy Ferrari
100
100
100
1957 1957 Monaco Grand Prix result May 19 1 Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio
2 United Kingdom Tony Brooks
3 United States Masten Gregory
Italy Maserati
United Kingdom Vanwall
Italy Maserati
105
105
103
1956 1956 Monaco Grand Prix result May 13 1 United Kingdom Stirling Moss
2 Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio
3 France Jean Behra
Italy Maserati
Italy Ferrari
Italy Maserati
100
46
99
1955 1955 Monaco Grand Prix result May 22 1 France Maurice Trintignant
2 Italy Eugenio Castellotti
3 Italy Cesare Perdisa
Italy Ferrari
Italy Lancia
Italy Maserati
100
100
99
1950 1950 Monaco Grand Prix result May 21 1 Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio
2 Italy Alberto Ascari
3 Monaco Louis Chiron
Italy Alfa Romeo
Italy Ferrari
Italy Maserati
100
99
98

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