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Monaco Circuit layout & records

Monaco Circuit Details
Location:Monaco, Monte Carlo
Race:Monaco Grand Prix
Used Since:1950
Type:Street Circuit
 Lap Dist.:3.340 km

Lap Record

Lap Record:1:14.439 min
Date:23 May 2004
F1 Driver:Michael Schumacher
F1 Car:Ferrari F2004
Speed:161.528 km/h

Pole Record

Record Pole:1:13.876 min
Date:25 May 2013
F1 Driver:Nico Rosberg
F1 Car:Mercedes W04
Speed:162.759 km/h
Onboard Lap F1 Video
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Monaco Circuit Layout
Monaco circuitcircuit-legend

Biography

Modern Formula 1 travels around the globe, reaches new venues, new crowds and new cultures. From Malaysia to Russia, and Korea to Austin, it explores new territories every year.

But for a few months of the season it comes home, back to Europe. It goes to Britain, Germany, Belgium and Italy through the summer. All have their place in history, all have their unique standing in the sport.

However, it’s the race at the end of May which really captures the essence of Formula 1. With its sun, sea, rich, beautiful people, glitz and glamour, Monaco is the spiritual home of F1.

Like Le Mans and Indianapolis, it transcends the sport it belongs to. When the Monaco Grand Prix is on, everyone watches.

The streets of Monte-Carlo have hosted a grand prix since 1929, when William Grover-Williams won in a Bugatti. Since then, only the greats have truly mastered those streets.

Ayrton Senna has won six times, while Michael Schumacher and Graham Hill have triumphed five times each.

The circuit is largely unchanged since Grover-Williams won. Sainte Devote remains one of the most difficult first corners around, the hairpin is the slowest on the calendar and the swimming pool section is still littered with expensive yachts.

But it takes balls, more than anything, to master Monaco. The produce the perfect lap, the driver must be daring. He must place his car as close to the walls as possible, and even bounce off them from time to time.

Qualifying is, arguably, the most important part of the weekend. It is very rare that the man on pole doesn’t win the race and Saturday’s session is vital to the outcome.

The track is made up entirely of public roads, and is famed for its lack of overtaking. True, the racing is rarely mesmerising these days, but Monaco is about so much more than the action on track.

It has become home to many of the current drivers, such as Lewis Hamilton, Felipe Massa and Jenson Button, while Nico Rosberg even grew up there. This adds to the unequalled charm of the principality.

Monaco Circuit: three corners in detail

Sainte Devote to Casino Square

Monaco main straight and Saint Devote

main straight & Saint Devote

The distance from pole position to Sainte Devote is just 140m – the shortest run to the first corner we see all season and the pole sitter will reach it in a touch over four seconds. From pole there is not enough time for KERS to be activated, but cars starting further behind may choose to use it. After braking down to 105kph for Sainte Devote, drivers get quickly back on the power for the climb up through Beau Rivage to Casino Square. The Monaco circuit gains over 30m in altitude in 10secs so engine maps will be designed to work with short gear ratios to maximise acceleration and hit the rev limit at the top of the hill. There is a possibility to use KERS on this climb, but the steep gradient will reduce its effectiveness. In fact, overtaking here comes down to who can get the best acceleration out of Sainte Devote so particular care is paid to pedal and torque maps in this corner.

Grand Hotel Hairpin

Grand Hotel hairpin Monaco

Grand Hotel hairpin Monaco

From the Mirabeau the circuit suddenly descends in altitude down to the Grand Hotel Hairpin. The drop and almost 180° turn make it the tightest corner of the season. When the cars round the hairpin the engine is running at the lowest speed and revs it reaches on track at any point in the year; just 44kph and around 7,000rpm.

The driver’s pedal and torque maps must be completely on point and the driver may even declutch to avoid too much push from the engine, which could result in a surge and cause a collision with a car in front or the wall. Large chunks of time can be won or lost by correct mapping here.

Tunnel section to chicane

Michael Schumacher drives into Monaco tunnel

Michael Schumacher drives into Monaco tunnel

The tunnel section is the only chance the cars get to hit top speed apart from the short pit straight. The engine needs to have good acceleration here so the driver can reach top speed (‘vMax’) quickly as the straight is only 670m from the exit of Portiers to the chicane, or around eight or nine seconds. The cars reach 290kph just before the braking point for the chicane so in theory KERS could be used, but principally only for defending rather than for overtaking as going off line is very dirty. This chance for the engine to ‘breathe’ is important as there are very few opportunities for the engine to intake fresh air. It is however somewhat of a poisoned chalice – the enclosed nature of the tunnel means the air going into the engine through the airbox is extremely hot. The air is also full of dust and rubber chunks that cannot be blown away due to the roof and walls of the tunnel building.

Previous Monaco circuit F1 GP winners

YearRaceDateDriverTeamLaps
20162016 Monaco F1 GP result29th of May1 United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton
2 Australia Daniel Ricciardo
3 Mexico Sergio Pérez
Germany Mercedes
Austria Red Bull
India Force India
78
78
78
20152015 Monaco F1 GP result24 May1 Germany Nico Rosberg
2 Germany Sebastian Vettel
3 United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton
Germany Mercedes
Italy Ferrari
Germany Mercedes
78
78
78
20142014 Monaco F1 GP result25 May1 Germany Nico Rosberg
2 United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton
3 Australia Daniel Ricciardo
Germany Mercedes
Germany Mercedes
Austria Red Bull
78
78
78
20132013 Monaco F1 GP result26 May1 Germany Nico Rosberg
2 Germany Sebastian Vettel
3 Australia Mark Webber
Germany Mercedes
Austria Red Bull
Austria Red Bull
78
78
78
20122012 Monaco Grand Prix result27 May1 Australia Mark Webber
2 Germany Nico Rosberg
3 Spain Fernando Alonso
Austria Red Bull
Germany Mercedes
Italy Ferrari
78
78
78
20112011 Monaco Grand Prix result29 May1 Germany Sebastian Vettel
2 Spain Fernando Alonso
3 United Kingdom Jenson Button
Austria Red Bull
Italy Ferrari
United Kingdom McLaren
78
78
78
20102010 Monaco Grand Prix result16 May1 Australia Mark Webber
2 Germany Sebastian Vettel
3 Poland Robert Kubica
Austria Red Bull
Austria Red Bull
France Renault
78
78
78
20092009 Monaco Grand Prix result24 May1 United Kingdom Jenson Button
2 Brazil Rubens Barrichello
3 Finland Kimi Räikkönen
United Kingdom Brawn
United Kingdom Brawn
Italy Ferrari
78
78
78
20082008 Monaco Grand Prix result25 May1 United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton
2 Poland Robert Kubica
3 Brazil Felipe Massa
United Kingdom McLaren
Switzerland BMW Sauber
Italy Ferrari
76
76
76
20072007 Monaco Grand Prix result27 May1 Spain Fernando Alonso
2 United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton
3 Brazil Felipe Massa
United Kingdom McLaren
United Kingdom McLaren
Italy Ferrari
78
78
78
20062006 Monaco Grand Prix result28 May1 Spain Fernando Alonso
2 Colombia Juan Pablo Montoya
3 United Kingdom David Coulthard
France Renault
United Kingdom McLaren
Austria Red Bull
78
78
78
20052005 Monaco Grand Prix result22 May1 Finland Kimi Räikkönen
2 Germany Nick Heidfeld
3 Australia Mark Webber
United Kingdom McLaren
United Kingdom Williams
United Kingdom Williams
78
78
78
20042004 Monaco Grand Prix result23 May1 Italy Jarno Trulli
2 United Kingdom Jenson Button
3 Brazil Rubens Barrichello
France Renault
United Kingdom BAR
Italy Ferrari
77
77
77
20032003 Monaco Grand Prix result1 June1 Colombia Juan Pablo Montoya
2 Finland Kimi Räikkönen
3 Germany Michael Schumacher
United Kingdom Williams
United Kingdom McLaren
Italy Ferrari
78
78
78
20022002 Monaco Grand Prix result26 May1 United Kingdom David Coulthard
2 Germany Michael Schumacher
3 Germany Ralf Schumacher
United Kingdom McLaren
Italy Ferrari
United Kingdom Williams
78
78
78
20012001 Monaco Grand Prix result27 May1 Germany Michael Schumacher
2 Brazil Rubens Barrichello
3 United Kingdom Eddie Irvine
Italy Ferrari
Italy Ferrari
United Kingdom Jaguar
78
78
78
20002000 Monaco Grand Prix result4 June1 United Kingdom David Coulthard
2 Brazil Rubens Barrichello
3 Italy Giancarlo Fisichella
United Kingdom McLaren
Italy Ferrari
Italy Benetton
78
78
78
19991999 Monaco Grand Prix result16 May1 Germany Michael Schumacher
2 United Kingdom Eddie Irvine
3 Finland Mika Häkkinen
Italy Ferrari
Italy Ferrari
United Kingdom McLaren
78
78
78
19981998 Monaco Grand Prix resultMay 241 Finland Mika Häkkinen
2 Italy Giancarlo Fisichella
3 United Kingdom Eddie Irvine
United Kingdom McLaren
Italy Benetton
Italy Ferrari
78
78
78
19971997 Monaco Grand Prix result11 May1 Germany Michael Schumacher
2 Brazil Rubens Barrichello
3 United Kingdom Eddie Irvine
Italy Ferrari
United Kingdom Stewart
Italy Ferrari
62
62
62
19961996 Monaco Grand Prix result19 May1 France Olivier Panis
2 United Kingdom David Coulthard
3 United Kingdom Johnny Herbert
France Ligier
United Kingdom McLaren
Switzerland Sauber
75
75
75
19951995 Monaco Grand Prix result28 May1 Germany Michael Schumacher
2 United Kingdom Damon Hill
3 Austria Gerhard Berger
Italy Benetton
United Kingdom Williams
Italy Ferrari
78
78
78
19941994 Monaco Grand Prix result15 May1 Germany Michael Schumacher
2 United Kingdom Martin Brundle
3 Austria Gerhard Berger
Italy Benetton
United Kingdom McLaren
Italy Ferrari
78
78
78
19931993 Monaco Grand Prix result23 May1 Brazil Ayrton Senna
2 United Kingdom Damon Hill
3 France Jean Alesi
United Kingdom McLaren
United Kingdom Williams
Italy Ferrari
78
78
78
19921992 Monaco Grand Prix resultMay 311 Brazil Ayrton Senna
2 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell
3 Italy Riccardo Patrese
United Kingdom McLaren
United Kingdom Williams
United Kingdom Williams
78
78
78
19911991 Monaco Grand Prix resultMay 121 Brazil Ayrton Senna
2 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell
3 France Jean Alesi
United Kingdom McLaren
United Kingdom Williams
Italy Ferrari
78
78
78
19901990 Monaco Grand Prix resultMay 271 Brazil Ayrton Senna
2 France Jean Alesi
3 Austria Gerhard Berger
United Kingdom McLaren
United Kingdom Tyrrell
United Kingdom McLaren
78
78
78
19891989 Monaco Grand Prix resultMay 71 Brazil Ayrton Senna
2 France Alain Prost
3 Italy Stefano Modena
United Kingdom McLaren
United Kingdom McLaren
United Kingdom Brabham
77
77
76
19881988 Monaco Grand Prix resultMay 151 France Alain Prost
2 Austria Gerhard Berger
3 Italy Michele Alboreto
United Kingdom McLaren
Italy Ferrari
Italy Ferrari
78
78
78
19871987 Monaco Grand Prix resultMay 311 Brazil Ayrton Senna
2 Brazil Nelson Piquet
3 Italy Michele Alboreto
United Kingdom Lotus
United Kingdom Williams
Italy Ferrari
78
78
78
19861986 Monaco Grand Prix resultMay 111 France Alain Prost
2 Finland Keke Rosberg
3 Brazil Ayrton Senna
United Kingdom McLaren
United Kingdom McLaren
United Kingdom Lotus
78
78
78
19851985 Monaco Grand Prix resultMay 191 France Alain Prost
2 Italy Michele Alboreto
3 Italy Elio de Angelis
United Kingdom McLaren
Italy Ferrari
United Kingdom Lotus
78
78
78
19841984 Monaco Grand Prix resultJune 31 France Alain Prost
2 Brazil Ayrton Senna
3 France René Arnoux
United Kingdom McLaren
United Kingdom Toleman
Italy Ferrari
31
31
31
19831983 Monaco Grand Prix resultMay 151 Finland Keke Rosberg
2 Brazil Nelson Piquet
3 France Alain Prost
United Kingdom Williams
United Kingdom Brabham
France Renault
76
76
76
19821982 Monaco Grand Prix resultMay 231 Italy Riccardo Patrese
2 France Didier Pironi
3 Italy Andrea de Cesaris
United Kingdom Brabham
Italy Ferrari
Italy Alfa Romeo
76
75
75
19811981 Monaco Grand Prix resultMay 311 Canada Gilles Villeneuve
2 Australia Alan Jones
3 France Jacques Laffite
Italy Ferrari
United Kingdom Williams
France Ligier
76
76
76
19801980 Monaco Grand Prix resultMay 181 Argentina Carlos Reutemann
2 France Jacques Laffite
3 Brazil Nelson Piquet
United Kingdom Williams
France Ligier
United Kingdom Brabham
76
76
76
19791979 Monaco Grand Prix resultMay 271 South Africa Jody Scheckter
2 Switzerland Clay Regazzoni
3 Argentina Carlos Reutemann
Italy Ferrari
United Kingdom Williams
United Kingdom Lotus
76
76
76
19781978 Monaco Grand Prix resultMay 71 France Patrick Depailler
2 Austria Niki Lauda
3 South Africa Jody Scheckter
United Kingdom Tyrrell
United Kingdom Brabham
United Kingdom Wolf
75
75
75
19771977 Monaco Grand Prix resultMay 221 South Africa Jody Scheckter
2 Austria Niki Lauda
3 Argentina Carlos Reutemann
United Kingdom Wolf
Italy Ferrari
Italy Ferrari
76
76
76
19761976 Monaco Grand Prix resultMay 301 Austria Niki Lauda
2 South Africa Jody Scheckter
3 France Patrick Depailler
Italy Ferrari
United Kingdom Tyrrell
United Kingdom Tyrrell
78
78
78
19751975 Monaco Grand Prix resultMay 111 Austria Niki Lauda
2 Brazil Emerson Fittipaldi
3 Brazil Carlos Pace
Italy Ferrari
United Kingdom McLaren
United Kingdom Brabham
75
75
75
19741974 Monaco Grand Prix resultMay 261 Sweden Ronnie Peterson
2 South Africa Jody Scheckter
3 France Jean-Pierre Jarier
United Kingdom Lotus
United Kingdom Tyrrell
United Kingdom Shadow
78
78
78
19731973 Monaco Grand Prix resultJune 31 United Kingdom Jackie Stewart
2 Brazil Emerson Fittipaldi
3 Sweden Ronnie Peterson
United Kingdom Tyrrell
United Kingdom Lotus
United Kingdom Lotus
78
78
77
19721972 Monaco Grand Prix resultMay 141 France Jean-Pierre Beltoise
2 Belgium Jacky Ickx
3 Brazil Emerson Fittipaldi
United Kingdom BRM
Italy Ferrari
United Kingdom Lotus
80
80
79
19711971 Monaco Grand Prix resultMay 231 United Kingdom Jackie Stewart
2 Sweden Ronnie Peterson
3 Belgium Jacky Ickx
United Kingdom Tyrrell
United Kingdom March
Italy Ferrari
80
80
80
19701970 Monaco Grand Prix resultMay 101 Austria Jochen Rindt
2 Australia Jack Brabham
3 France Henri Pescarolo
United Kingdom Lotus
United Kingdom Brabham
France Matra
80
80
80
19691969 Monaco Grand Prix resultMay 181 United Kingdom Graham Hill
2 United Kingdom Piers Courage
3 Switzerland Jo Siffert
United Kingdom Lotus
United Kingdom Brabham
United Kingdom Lotus
80
80
80
19681968 Monaco Grand Prix resultMay 261 United Kingdom Graham Hill
2 United Kingdom Richard Attwood
3 Belgium Lucien Bianchi
United Kingdom Lotus
United Kingdom BRM
United Kingdom Cooper-Climax
80
80
76
19671967 Monaco Grand Prix resultMay 71 New Zealand Denny Hulme
2 United Kingdom Graham Hill
3 New Zealand Chris Amon
United Kingdom Brabham
United Kingdom Lotus
Italy Ferrari
100
99
98
19661966 Monaco Grand Prix resultMay 221 United Kingdom Jackie Stewart
2 Italy Lorenzo Bandini
3 United Kingdom Graham Hill
United Kingdom BRM
Italy Ferrari
United Kingdom BRM
100
100
99
19651965 Monaco Grand Prix resultMay 301 United Kingdom Graham Hill
2 Italy Lorenzo Bandini
3 United Kingdom Jackie Stewart
United Kingdom BRM
Italy Ferrari
United Kingdom BRM
100
100
100
19641964 Monaco Grand Prix resultMay 101 United Kingdom Graham Hill
2 United States Richie Ginther
3 United Kingdom Peter Arundell
United Kingdom BRM
United Kingdom BRM
United Kingdom Lotus
100
99
97
19631963 Monaco Grand Prix resultMay 261 United Kingdom Graham Hill
2 United States Richie Ginther
3 New Zealand Bruce McLaren
United Kingdom BRM
United Kingdom BRM
United Kingdom Cooper-Climax
100
100
100
19621962 Monaco Grand Prix resultJune 31 New Zealand Bruce McLaren
2 United States Phil Hill
3 Italy Lorenzo Bandini
United Kingdom Cooper-Climax
Italy Ferrari
Italy Ferrari
100
100
100
19611961 Monaco Grand Prix resultMay 141 United Kingdom Stirling Moss
2 United States Richie Ginther
3 United States Phil Hill
United Kingdom Lotus
Italy Ferrari
Italy Ferrari
100
100
100
19601960 Monaco Grand Prix resultMay 291 United Kingdom Stirling Moss
2 New Zealand Bruce McLaren
3 United States Phil Hill
United Kingdom Lotus
United Kingdom Cooper-Climax
Italy Ferrari
100
100
100
19591959 Monaco Grand Prix resultMay 101 Australia Jack Brabham
2 United Kingdom Tony Brooks
3 France Maurice Trintignant
United Kingdom Cooper-Climax
Italy Ferrari
United Kingdom Cooper-Climax
100
100
98
19581958 Monaco Grand Prix resultMay 181 France Maurice Trintignant
2 Italy Luigi Musso
3 United Kingdom Peter Collins
United Kingdom Cooper-Climax
Italy Ferrari
Italy Ferrari
100
100
100
19571957 Monaco Grand Prix resultMay 191 Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio
2 United Kingdom Tony Brooks
3 United States Masten Gregory
Italy Maserati
United Kingdom Vanwall
Italy Maserati
105
105
103
19561956 Monaco Grand Prix resultMay 131 United Kingdom Stirling Moss
2 Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio
3 France Jean Behra
Italy Maserati
Italy Ferrari
Italy Maserati
100
46
99
19551955 Monaco Grand Prix resultMay 221 France Maurice Trintignant
2 Italy Eugenio Castellotti
3 Italy Cesare Perdisa
Italy Ferrari
Italy Lancia
Italy Maserati
100
100
99
19501950 Monaco Grand Prix resultMay 211 Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio
2 Italy Alberto Ascari
3 Monaco Louis Chiron
Italy Alfa Romeo
Italy Ferrari
Italy Maserati
100
99
98